Smart Cities have been defined in many ways. The urban urban migration leading to vertical growth in city landscape is a necessity in any smart city. Smart cities lays a lot of emphasis on Green Building and Energy Efficiency. The concept paper on Smart Cities neatly sums up the energy concerns “Good areas to focus energy efficiency measures would be the building material used, the transport system, sewerage and water supply systems, street lighting, air-conditioning systems and energy consumption in buildings.”
Smart Grid as per Wikipedia is elaborated as “A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid that uses analogue or digital information and communications technology to gather and act on information, such as information about the behaviours of suppliers and consumers, in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity.”
The concept paper on smart cities elaborates on the definition put up above by defining the contours of smart grid as Smart grids co-ordinate the needs and capabilities of all generators, grid operators, end-users and electricity market stakeholders to operate all parts of the system as efficiently as possible, minimizing costs and environmental impacts while maximizing system reliability, resilience and stability.
Smart grids broadly include electrical networks (Transmission and Distribution systems) and which interfaces with generations, storage and end users. By employing smart grids we aim to achieve system and energy efficiency and minimal environmental impacts. The key tenets of smart cities involve adherence to Green Building norms. the concept of smart cities is very wide and groups have employed very unique way of describing the key features of smart cities. One such group I am aware of says that smart city has to be such where a 3 year child can walk to his or her school without the help of parental support. High speed interconnectivity, fast & efficient urban mobility is another requirement of smart cities.
Smart cities can only arrive in India when private investments are channelized in proper way and local city administration body is created to administer, manage and provide enabling setups.